Visa Requirements for Canadian Citizens

Discover visa requirements for citizens of Canada for all the countries across the world.

Canada is implementing a COVID-19 vaccine passport to facilitate international travel. It is available for fully vaccinated Canadian citizens, permanent residents, and temporary residents alike.

Visa Requirements for Canadian Citizens

Visa requirements for Canadian citizens are administrative entry restrictions set by the authorities of other countries that apply to nationals of Canada. The Canadian passport is considered the 6th most powerful in the world in terms of travel freedom, according to the Henley & Partners Passport index.

Before planning a trip to a foreign country, Canadian citizens should check visa requirements to see if they need to obtain a travel document to gain entry to their destination.

Canadian citizens do not currently require a visa to visit around 110 countries for short stays. However, there are around 135 countries that Canadian citizens need a visa to visit. It may be necessary to obtain an embassy visa, electronic travel visa authorization, or a visa on arrival.

The majority of visa-free countries for Canadian citizens permit travelers from Canada to visit for a short period of time (between 14 and 180 days, and up to 360 days for Georgia )in the territory without having to obtain an electronic or embassy visa.

In most circumstances, Canadian citizens do not require business, visitor, transit or other visas to enter the United States. Generally, Canadian citizens are granted a stay in the US of up to 6 months at the time of entry.

Canadian students are also exempt from US visa requirements if they hold a valid I-20 or DS-2019 form and have paid their SEVIS registration fees.

List of Visa Countries for Canada Passport Holders in 2021

Although citizens of Canada are able to travel visa-free to many countries around the world, it is necessary to meet the visa requirements for Canadian passport holders in order to visit others.

In order to obtain a visa for Canadian citizens to travel to around 135 countries, it is necessary to visit an embassy of the destination country in Canada, submit an electronic visa application online, or get a visa on arrival from a border entry point.

Canadian passport holders must obtain the correct type of travel document depending on the reason for their visit, whether a tourist visa, business visa or transit visa.

Take a look at the map below to find all the countries for which it is necessary to obtain a visa for citizens of Canada and check if you need a travel authorization for your destination.

Electronic Travel Visa Authorization

An electronic travel authorization permits citizens of Canada to travel to another country for short-term stays, for tourism or business activities.

There are around 25 countries around the world that have an electronic travel visa authorization option available for citizens of Canada.

Depending on the destination, Canadian nationals are required to either obtain an electronic visa waiver or apply online for a visa in advance, eliminating the need to apply for a travel document in person.

Many online visa waivers and eVisas for Canadian citizens are multiple entry travel documents that permit the traveler to spend up to 6 months in the country of destination with each entry.

In general, an electronic travel authorization or eVisa permits Canadian travelers to visit the relevant country for purposes of tourism, business, and transit, for short stays. Depending on the country of destination, it may be necessary to obtain the relevant embassy visa in order to visit the territory for other purposes or longer consecutive periods of time.

Find below a list of the countries citizens of Canada can visit by applying for an Electronic Travel Visa Authorization.

Visa on Arrival

A visa on arrival for citizens of Canada is a type of travel authorization which may be obtained at border entry checkpoints upon arrival in the country of destination.

Currently, there are around 30 countries across the world that offer a visa on arrival for Canadian citizens.

To obtain a visa on arrival in an issuing country, Canadian visitors are required to go directly to an immigration checkpoint upon arrival. It is then necessary to stand in line until an immigration officer gives them a visa on arrival application for Canadian citizens to complete.

A visa on arrival for citizens of Canada may be issued as either a single entry or multiple entry travel document and may permit a stay of between 7 days and 6 months depending on the territory of destination.

A number of countries who issue visas on arrival for Canadian citizens also allow visitors to obtain an eVisa, an electronic visa, in advance. This eliminates the need to wait in queues at the border and greatly expedites the visa application process.

Below you can find a list of visa on arrival countries for Canadian citizens where travelers from Canada can obtain a visa at border entry checkpoints.

Visa on Arrival: Country list

Click on the links below to find out more about each country
  • Bangladesh
  • Burkina Faso
  • Comoros
  • Gabon
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Lebanon
  • Maldives
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mozambique
  • Palau
  • Paraguay
  • Samoa
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • Timor-Leste
  • Tonga
  • Tuvalu
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

Embassy Visa Required

An embassy visa for Canadian citizens is a type of travel authorization that must be obtained in advance from an embassy or consulate of the destination country before departure.

There are currently around 78 countries for which an embassy visa for Canadian passport holders is required, no matter the period of intended stay or the reason for traveling to the destination.

To apply for an embassy visa for Canadian citizens, it is normally necessary to make a visa appointment at the nearest embassy or consulate of the destination country.

Applicants are usually required to complete and bring an embassy visa application along to the consular appointment, alongside a range of supporting documents which vary depending on the type of embassy visa the traveler requires.

A travel authorization from an embassy may be granted for a variety of periods of permitted stay and for a number of purposes, such as a tourist visa, a work visa, study visa, business visa, or another visa type. Depending on the country, an embassy visa may be granted for either a single entry or multiple entries.

Below you can find the list of countries where a Canadian citizen can travel by first applying for an embassy visa.

Embassy Visa Required: Country list

Click on the links below to find out more about each country
  • Afghanistan
  • Aland Islands
  • Algeria
  • American Samoa
  • Anguilla
  • Antarctica
  • Aruba
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Bonaire
  • British Indian Ocean Territory
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Burundi
  • Cameroon
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • China
  • Christmas Island
  • Cocos Islands
  • Congo
  • Cook Islands
  • Cuba
  • Curacao
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Falkland Islands
  • Faroe Islands
  • French Guiana
  • French Polynesia
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greenland
  • Guadeloupe
  • Guam
  • Guernsey
  • Iraq
  • Isle of Man
  • Jersey
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Mali
  • Martinique
  • Mayotte
  • Montserrat
  • Nauru
  • New Caledonia
  • Niger
  • Niue
  • Norfolk Island
  • North Korea
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Pitcairn Islands
  • Reunion
  • Russian Federation
  • Saint Barthelemy
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Martin
  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon
  • Seychelles
  • Sint Maarten
  • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Svalbard and Jan Mayen
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tokelau
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Wallis and Futuna
  • Yemen

Visa Not Required

Currently, there are around 110 countries that have a visa policy stating it is not necessary for Canadian citizens to obtain a travel document such as an electronic authorization or a visa for stays between 14 days and 1 year, depending on the destination.

Canadian nationals are able to present a valid Canadian passport upon arrival to gain entry to any of the visa-free countries for Canadian citizens for the length of permitted stay.

Travelers from Canada are usually allowed to visit visa-free territories for purposes of tourism, business, or to transit on the way to an onward destination.

In order to travel to visa not required countries for other purposes or longer periods of stay, such as to work or study, travelers from Canada are normally required to apply for an embassy visa for their chosen destination well in advance of the intended date of arrival in the country.

Browse the list below and discover the main countries for which a visa is not required for citizens of Canada.

Visa Not Required: Country list

Click on the links below to find out more about each country
  • Albania
  • Andorra
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Austria
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Federated States of Micronesia
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Indonesia
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kiribati
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lesotho
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macau
  • Macedonia
  • Malaysia
  • Malta
  • Mauritius
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Montenegro
  • Morocco
  • Namibia
  • Netherlands
  • Nicaragua
  • Norway
  • Palestinian Territory
  • Panama
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Republic of Cyprus
  • Romania
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • San Marino
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Taiwan
  • Thailand
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Ukraine
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Vatican City
  • Venezuela

ETIAS Visa Waiver for Canadians

Canadian passport holders are currently able to travel to all of the 26 European countries who have signed the Schengen visa-free agreement for short stays without first having to obtain a visa or a travel authorization.

However, by the end of 2021, the visa policy of the Schengen countries will change, and Canadians who wish to travel to Europe in 2022 will first be required to pre-register an online application for an ETIAS in order to enter Schengen borders.

ETIAS stands for European Travel Information and Authorization System. This electronic visa waiver was approved by the European Parliament in 2016 and is being implemented to pre-screen visa-free travelers to the Schengen Area in order to strengthen European borders.

Canadian applicants for an ETIAS authorization will be required to complete a simple online form with basic personal and passport information, and answer a few security questions to submit the application.

An approved ETIAS visa waiver for Canadian citizens is linked electronically to the applicant’s passport and is a multiple entry travel authorization for Europe.

This means that holders of an approved ETIAS for Canadians are able to enter the Schengen Area multiple times during the 3-year validity of the visa waiver, or until the associated passport expires, whichever comes first.

Travelers from Canada with an approved ETIAS may enter the Schengen zone for up to 90 days with each entry, for purposes of business, tourism, transit, or for medical treatment.

Canadian passport holders who citizens who wish to stay in the region for longer consecutive periods, or travel to work or study, should contact an embassy or consulate of the individual Schengen country they intended to visit.

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